What is a cataract?
A cataract is the clouding of the natural lens in the eye.
Who gets cataracts?
Typically cataracts develop later in life, however some babies are born with them. Other causes of cataract development include but are not limited to injuries, prolonged use of certain medications and UV exposure.
How are cataracts treated?
Patients with very small or "immature" cataracts can sometimes have improved vision with a new prescription for glasses. If the cataract is more mature and is causing patients difficulty with normal daily activities, then surgery may be required.
How is the cataract removed?
Cataract surgery is normally performed on an outpatient basis. After arriving at the surgery center, you will be placed under local or general anesthesia. Microsurgical instruments are used to create a small incision and break apart the cataract. The cataract is then suctioned out of the eye and replaced with an Intraocular Implant, also known as an IOL which is an artificial implant.
What can I expect after surgery?
Following cataract surgery, your physician will instruct you on how to use postoperative eye drops to prevent infection and inflammation as well as activities to avoid. While healing time varies for all patients, many patients will notice an improvement in vision immediately following surgery. Most patients can return to normal activity about a week following surgery.
I have heard there are multifocal lenses that can be implanted. Does that mean I can do without glasses?
Yes, there are multiple types of IOL's that can be implanted. These lenses can provide patients with multiple ranges of vision including distance, intermediate, and near. In most cases, patients are able to perform normal daily activity without glasses or contacts. You will need to consult your ophthalmologist as to whether you are a suitable candidate for a multifocal lens. Additional charges may apply to multifocal upgrades.
Back to FAQ.