How does diabetes affects the retina?
Diabetes causes decreased blood supply to the retina which in turn causes new vessels to grow over the retina. These new vessels are unstable and can rupture causing bleeding or retinal detachment in the posterior part of the eye leading to a loss of vision in Diabetics. Diabetes can also cause blood vessels to leak which may result in the swelling of the important central part of the retina, also known as the macula, and this could cause a loss of vision in Diabetics.
How do I minimize the effect of Diabetes on my Retina? How do I prevent /minimize visual loss due to Diabetic Retinopathy?
- Regular Blood sugar check-up and regular lineament for diabetic form a physician / Dialectologist.
- Examination of eye from an ophthalmologist and thereafter follow up for examination of eyes frequently as per advice of the ophthalmologist.
- Treatment of associated risk factors from appropriate specialist doctors.
What is the treatment for Diabetic Retinopathy?
It depends upon the stage of the disease in initial stages regular Retinal examination and good BSL control should be sufficient. In advanced cases laser may be required to prevent bleeding from the new vessels. In more advanced stage like retinal detachment and persistent bleed in the posterior part of eye Retinal and vitreous surgery may be required.
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