What is glaucoma?
Glaucoma is a disease whereby there is raise in Intraocular Pressure (IOP) which causes damage to the optic nerve and affects our field of vision. The vision loss is permanent and cannot be reversed.
Why does it occur?
The raise in IOP can be due to variety in IOP can be due to variety of reasons i.e. hereditary 2% hypertension, diabetes, high power minus glasses., injury to eye.
What are the symptoms? Till now, I did not have any symptoms. So how do I come to know that I have glaucoma?
Glaucoma is largely asymptomatic the patient realizes he has some problem after considerable field loss has already occurred. Very few may have headache or frequent change of glasses. Hence it is important to consult your eye doctor and have a complete eye examination esp. above 40 yrs of eye or having family history of glaucoma.
How can it be cured?
It cannot be cured completely but IOP can be kept in check by regular use of medicines. And the nerve damage can be controlled to avoid further damage.
How long do I have to use these medicines?
Some people might have to use medications for many years or even lifelong.
Does using drops or surgery help to regain the lost vision?
No, because optic nerve once damaged does not recover.
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